Australian Culture


  • People are rarely criticised if someone fails to observe formal etiquette (e.g. forgetting to dress smartly). Commenting on someone’s poor manners can be seen as pretentious or stuck up.
  • Moderate swearing is common among friends and is not always considered rude.
  • Women are seen as capable individuals who can help themselves. Therefore, it is not considered wholly necessary for men to open car doors (etc.) for women. Doing so is recognised as very polite and courteous, but can also sometimes be seen as patronising depending on the circumstance.
  • When out to eat or for a drink, split bills equally by having people pay only for the food and drink they’ve ordered. It is a common practice to buy ‘rounds’ of drinks while out with a group. If it is your round, you are expected to buy drinks for everyone you are with. Each individual who receives a drink will be expected to pay for at least one round.
  • Being reluctant to part with cash or share food or drink is seen as ‘stingy’ if other people have paid their share. Furthermore, asking friends to pay for you on more than one occasion is seen as ‘scabbing’ and creates a bad reputation.
  • Being overdressed for a gathering is sometimes considered more embarrassing than being underdressed.
  • It is considered impolite to ask a direct question about someone’s salary, wealth, weight or age.
  • Spitting in public is rude.
  • If there is a line for something, always queue and wait for your turn.
  • To call over a waiter or person of service, do not wave or yell. Instead, keep an eye out for them until they make eye contact, and then nod or raise your hand. You can also gently say “excuse me” as they pass by.
  • Tipping is not necessary in restaurants or places of service in Australia. People rarely leave tips or only do so if they received service that was exceedingly excellent.
  • Always say please when asking someone for help or a favour or you will come across as rude.

  • People usually visit one another simply for the company and conversation with the primary purpose being socialisation, not feasting. Thus, Australians sometimes find it awkward and overly-formal when people prepare a large amount food for their visit or are extreme in their hospitality during the visit. For example, they don’t naturally expect a tour of someone’s house.
  • Arrange a visit before going to an Australian’s house. Do not arrive unannounced or bring friends and family along unless you’ve asked them beforehand.
  • Ask the host ahead of time whether or not they would like you to bring a contribution (i.e. food or drink). It is common to bring a carton of beer or some other alcohol when visiting a friend.
  • Avoid arriving early to one’s house.
  • It is usually okay to be 10 to 15 minutes late to a small gathering of people. However, if you are meeting at a restaurant, it is important to be punctual as people will wait for you to order their food.
  • Being late is more acceptable to parties and large social gatherings.
  • Australians often host barbeques (BBQs) in which they dine informally in their outdoor areas (e.g. verandas, patios, gardens) and cook meat on their BBQ. When multiple people are invited it is sometimes expected that guests will contribute a dish to compliment the meat (e.g. a fresh salad). This is sometimes referred to as ‘bringing a plate’.
  • For parties or large gatherings, the host will tell guests whether they will supply the alcohol or if guests should bring their own drinks (BYO).
  • If you visit an Australian home, you may not always receive a tour of the house, and many of the doors may be closed out of privacy.
  • Avoid overstaying your welcome by remaining at an Australian’s home longer than they expected unless they urge you to stay.
  • To indicate that you have finished eat your meal, lay your knife and fork down on the plate together. You may leave a small amount of food on your plate or clear it as neither should offend your host.
  • If someone asks if you would like more food, it is okay to decline or accept depending on how hungry you are. Neither is considered rude.
  • Offer to help clean up the meal with your host.

  • Gifts are usually only given on special occasions (e.g. birthdays, Christmas).
  • People tend to open gifts in front of the giver, either upon receiving them or later along with other presents.
  • Recipients do not usually expect to receive gifts of a high monetary value, but rather that the gift will reflect their interests.
  • Token gifts may be given when visiting a house (e.g. beer, wine, chocolate).
  • Population
    [2016 census - Estimated resident population]
  • Average Age
    [2016 census]
  • Language Spoken at Home
    English (72.7%)
    Mandarin (2.5%)
    Arabic (1.4%)
    Cantonese (1.2%)
    Vietnamese (1.2%)
    More than 300 languages identified in total
    [2016 census]
  • Religions
    Christianity (51.6%)
    subdirectory_arrow_right Catholic (22.6%)
    subdirectory_arrow_right Anglican (13.3%)
    subdirectory_arrow_right Other Christian (16.3%)
    No Religion (30.1%)
    Islam (2.6%)
    Buddhism (2.4%)
    Hinduism (1.9%)
    Other (1.3%)
    [2016 census]
    More than 100 religions identified in total
  • Ancestries
    English (33.7%)
    Australian (33%)
    Irish (9.7%)
    Scottish (8.3%)
    Italian (4.3%)
    German (4.2%)
    Chinese (4%)
    Indian (1.8%)
    More than 300 ancestries identified in total
  • Cultural Dimensions
    Power Distance 36
    Individualism 90
    Masculinity 61
    Uncertainty Avoidance 51
    Long Term Orientation 21
    Indulgence 71
    What's this?
Indigenous Australia
  • Population
    2.7% of Australian population
    [2016 census]
  • Diaspora
    Major Cities: 233,000
    Inner Regional Australia: 147,700
    Outer Regional Australia: 146,100
    Remote Australia: 51,300
    Very Remote Australia: 91,600
    [2011 est.]
  • Languages
    There were over 250 Indigenous Australian language groups at the time of European settlement. Roughly 120 of those lanuages are still spoken whilst around 160 are thought to be extinct.
  • Average Age
    [2016 census]
Migrant Australia
  • Population
    6,150,197 people born overseas
    26.4% of Australian population
    [2016 census]
  • Top Overseas Birthplaces
    United Kingdom (4.6%)
    New Zealand (2.2%)
    China (2.2%)
    India (1.9%)
    Philippines (1.0%)
    Vietnam (0.9%)
    Italy (0.7%)
    South Africa (0.7%)
    Malaysia (0.6%)
    Sri Lanka (0.5%)
    Born elsewhere (11.1%)
    [2016 census]
  • Fastest Growing Migrant Populations
    By Population Change
    subdirectory_arrow_right China (+190,586)
    subdirectory_arrow_right India (+160,027)
    subdirectory_arrow_right Philippines (+61,153)
    subdirectory_arrow_right New Zealand (+35,068)
    subdirectory_arrow_right Vietnam (+34,316)
    subdirectory_arrow_right Pakistan (+31,692)
    subdirectory_arrow_right Nepal (+30,119)
    subdirectory_arrow_right South Korea (+24,238)
    subdirectory_arrow_right Iran (+23,658)
    subdirectory_arrow_right Sri Lanka (+23,437)
    By Percentage Change
    subdirectory_arrow_right Mongolia (+240.5%)
    subdirectory_arrow_right Bhutan (+142.4%)
    subdirectory_arrow_right Nepal (+122.3%)
    subdirectory_arrow_right South Sudan (+120.9%)
    subdirectory_arrow_right Pakistan (+104.9%)
    subdirectory_arrow_right Brazil (+90.4%)
    subdirectory_arrow_right Nigeria (+87.8%)
    subdirectory_arrow_right Qatar (+84.3%)
    subdirectory_arrow_right Syria (+82.6%)
    subdirectory_arrow_right Iran (+68.7%)
    [2016 census]
Where do we get our statistics?
Country AU Flag