Australian Culture

Greetings

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  • Greetings are usually informal in social settings.
  • First names are almost always used during initial introductions.
  • A handshake is the common greeting between strangers. Shaking with a firm hand and eye contact reflects confidence.
  • If you are a newcomer, take the initiative to introduce yourself. Depending on the situation, your Australian counterpart may expect you to do it yourself as opposed to introducing you to others.
  • It is sometimes assumed that people will get to know each other as they mingle in a social setting. In this context, an introduction is not always necessary and handshaking can seem forced and awkward.
  • Different physical greetings depend on one’s sense of another person’s comfort level.
  • When greeting each other, close friends may hug, back-slap or kiss one another on the cheek, while others may simply offer a nod.
  • Women generally tend to be more tactile when greeting each other.
  • The average Australian greets with a simple Hey/Hello/Hi. Avoid saying “G’day” or “G’day mate” when first meeting someone as this can sound strange or patronising coming from a foreigner.
  • Many Australians greet by saying “Hey, how are you?”. This is simply a greeting, not an actual enquiry about your wellbeing. The common response is “I’m good, thanks. How are you?”. Giving an answer that is deeply personal or less positive can make them uncomfortable.
Australia
  • Population
    24,128,876
    [2016 census - Estimated resident population]
  • Average Age
    38
    [2016 census]
  • Language Spoken at Home
    English (72.7%)
    Mandarin (2.5%)
    Arabic (1.4%)
    Cantonese (1.2%)
    Vietnamese (1.2%)
    More than 300 languages identified in total
    [2016 census]
  • Religions
    Christianity (51.6%)
    subdirectory_arrow_right Catholic (22.6%)
    subdirectory_arrow_right Anglican (13.3%)
    subdirectory_arrow_right Other Christian (16.3%)
    No Religion (30.1%)
    Islam (2.6%)
    Buddhism (2.4%)
    Hinduism (1.9%)
    Other (1.3%)
    [2016 census]
    More than 100 religions identified in total
  • Ancestries
    English (33.7%)
    Australian (33%)
    Irish (9.7%)
    Scottish (8.3%)
    Italian (4.3%)
    German (4.2%)
    Chinese (4%)
    Indian (1.8%)
    [2011]
    More than 300 ancestries identified in total
  • Cultural Dimensions
    Power Distance 36
    Individualism 90
    Masculinity 61
    Uncertainty Avoidance 51
    Long Term Orientation 21
    Indulgence 71
    What's this?
Indigenous Australia
  • Population
    649,171
    2.7% of Australian population
    [2016 census]
  • Diaspora
    Major Cities: 233,000
    Inner Regional Australia: 147,700
    Outer Regional Australia: 146,100
    Remote Australia: 51,300
    Very Remote Australia: 91,600
    [2011 est.]
  • Languages
    There were over 250 Indigenous Australian language groups at the time of European settlement. Roughly 120 of those lanuages are still spoken whilst around 160 are thought to be extinct.
  • Average Age
    23
    [2016 census]
Migrant Australia
  • Population
    6,150,197 people born overseas
    26.4% of Australian population
    [2016 census]
  • Top Overseas Birthplaces
    United Kingdom (4.6%)
    New Zealand (2.2%)
    China (2.2%)
    India (1.9%)
    Philippines (1.0%)
    Vietnam (0.9%)
    Italy (0.7%)
    South Africa (0.7%)
    Malaysia (0.6%)
    Sri Lanka (0.5%)
    Born elsewhere (11.1%)
    [2016 census]
  • Fastest Growing Migrant Populations
    By Population Change
    subdirectory_arrow_right China (+190,586)
    subdirectory_arrow_right India (+160,027)
    subdirectory_arrow_right Philippines (+61,153)
    subdirectory_arrow_right New Zealand (+35,068)
    subdirectory_arrow_right Vietnam (+34,316)
    subdirectory_arrow_right Pakistan (+31,692)
    subdirectory_arrow_right Nepal (+30,119)
    subdirectory_arrow_right South Korea (+24,238)
    subdirectory_arrow_right Iran (+23,658)
    subdirectory_arrow_right Sri Lanka (+23,437)
    -
    By Percentage Change
    subdirectory_arrow_right Mongolia (+240.5%)
    subdirectory_arrow_right Bhutan (+142.4%)
    subdirectory_arrow_right Nepal (+122.3%)
    subdirectory_arrow_right South Sudan (+120.9%)
    subdirectory_arrow_right Pakistan (+104.9%)
    subdirectory_arrow_right Brazil (+90.4%)
    subdirectory_arrow_right Nigeria (+87.8%)
    subdirectory_arrow_right Qatar (+84.3%)
    subdirectory_arrow_right Syria (+82.6%)
    subdirectory_arrow_right Iran (+68.7%)
    [2016 census]
Where do we get our statistics?
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