Australian Culture

Naming

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  • Australian naming conventions arrange names with the given name before the family name.
  • Most Australian given names are chosen based on aesthetic appeal, but many popular ones still have biblical roots. More recently, it has been the  trend for Australians to choose names that they find uncommon. These are usually names that are unconventional to Western society and are thus seen as ‘exotic’, or sometimes they are variations of a western name with a different spelling.
  • Australians form nicknames for each other by abbreviating the name to a minimal amount of syllables (e.g. Barry becomes Baz, Michael becomes Mike). However, Australians also create ‘Australianised’ nicknames that are not purposed for abbreviations (e.g. Andy becomes Ando). These are often used within close friendships to emphasise mateship.
  • Older Australians may refer to others as “mate” or “love” without knowing them very closely.
Australia
  • Population
    24,188,934 [Sep 2016 est.]
    0.33% of World Population
  • Average Age
    36.9
  • Languages Spoken at Home
    English (81%)
    Mandarin (1.7%)
    Italian (1.5%)
    Arabic (1.4%)
    Cantonese (1.3%)
    Other (13.4%)
  • Religions
    Christianity (61.1%)
    subdirectory_arrow_right Catholic (25.3%)
    subdirectory_arrow_right Anglican (17.1%)
    subdirectory_arrow_right Uniting Church (5%)
    subdirectory_arrow_right Presbyterian and Reformed (2.8%)
    subdirectory_arrow_right Other Christian (11%)
    No Religion (23.9%)
    Islam (3.2%)
    Buddhism (2.5%)
    Hinduism (1.3%)
    Other (1.2%)
  • Ancestries
    English (33.7%)
    Australian (33%)
    Irish (9.7%)
    Scottish (8.3%)
    Italian (4.3%)
    German (4.2%)
    Chinese (4%)
    Indian (1.8%)
  • Cultural Dimensions
    Power Distance 36
    Individualism 90
    Masculinity 61
    Uncertainty Avoidance 51
    Long Term Orientation 21
    Indulgence 71
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Indigenous Australia
  • Population
    669,000 Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islanders [2011 est.]
    3% of Australian Population
  • Diaspora
    Major Cities: 233,000
    Inner Regional Australia: 147,700
    Outer Regional Australia: 146,100
    Remote Australia: 51,300
    Very Remote Australia: 91,600
    [2011 est.]
  • Languages
    There were over 250 Indigenous Australian language groups at the time of European settlement. Roughly 120 of those lanuages are still spoken whilst around 160 are thought to be extinct.
Migrant Australia
  • Population
    6.6 million [2014 est.]
    28.2% of Australia's total population
  • Country of Birth
    United Kingdom (20.8%)
    New Zealand (9.1%)
    China (6%)
    India (5.6%)
    Vietnam (3.5%)
    Philippines (3.2%)
    South Africa (2.8%)
    Malaysia (2.2%)
    Germany (2%)
    Born elsewhere (41.2%)
  • Fastest Growing Migrant Populations
    India
    China
    Thailand
    Iraq
    Philippines
    Korea
    South Africa
    Sri Lanka
    Ireland
    Malaysia
    [2011 est.]
Where do we get our statistics?
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