- Shahadah: Testimony in faith - “There is no God but Allah and Muhammad is his prophet.” These are the preferred last words of a Muslim and should be whispered into the right ear of a newborn.
- Salat: Ritual practice of prayer five times a day through certain words and postures.
- Zakat: Being charitable.
- Hajj: Making a holy pilgrimage to Mecca once in a Muslim’s lifetime.
- Sawm: Fasting during the month of Ramadan.
Adherence to the practices of Islam varies between individuals depending on their culture, country and personal interpretation of the Qur’an. Mosque services are generally attended on Friday and ablutions (ritual washing) are completed before prayer.
The Five Pillars of Islam are known as the central duties of Islamic life:
Shari’a Law is supposed to govern all aspects of a Muslim’s life. It aims to provide legislative guidance relating to worship, business, marriage, divorce and penal laws. Shari’a refers to ‘the clear, well-trodden path to water’ in Arabic, and is derived from a combination of sources including the Qur’an, the Hadith (prophet of Muhammad) and Fatwas (Islamic scholars). Shari’a Law has been criticised for the severity and brutality of some scripted punishments. Much of Australian civil and criminal law prevents the application of Shari’a law.